Ehud Netzer, an Israeli archaeologist based at Hebrew University, has claimed to have discovered the tomb of King Herod I (74 BCE - 4 BCE), who ruled Judaea under Roman suzerainty from 37 BCE to 4 BCE.
According to the Gospel of Matthew, Herod ordered the Massacre of the Innocents, that is, the killing of all children under two years old, in Bethlehem.
Herod also expanded the Second Jewish temple, and enlarged Jerusalem's city walls.
Although his tomb may well have been discovered, Herod's body was not found inside. It is thought to have gone missing in the 1st century CE.
The tomb allegedly belonging to Herod is on the West Bank, south of Bethlehem (BBC).